4.2 | Open Science in Transport Research Around the World
Open Science presents a novel approach to practice science, in a way that increases openness, integrity and reproducibility of research. It aims at making scientific process and results more transparent and accessible at all levels and to everyone. The rapid growth of digital technologies and new collaborative tools become enablers of Open Science, allowing to speed up the process of adopting open habits and facilitating the sharing of large volumes of information, study materials and data. It allows to make Science more efficient through better sharing of resources, more reliable through better verification and more responsive to society’s needs.
Open science policy has developed progressively in the EU. It concerns all aspects of the research cycle, from scientific discovery and scientific review to research assessment, publishing and outreach; its cornerstone being open access to publications and research data. Since 2016, the European Commission has organised its open science policy according to eight ‘ambitions’:
European Open Science Cloud (EOSC)
New Generation Metrics
Future of scholarly communication
Education and skills
The objectives of the session are to discuss:
The state of progresses of Open Science in Transport research in different regions of the World,
The pathways to achieve it, and in particular, how international cooperation can help addressing potential barriers and pitfalls to Open Science in transport research.
The expected outcomes are to better understand Open Science, its key constituents, and its potentials in transport research, and strengthening the engagement of the Transport Research Community in implementing Open Science.
Chair: ETRA/ECTRI (Caroline Alméras, ECTRI)
Co-chairs: PT (Maria de Lurdes Antunes, LNEC and António Gomes Correia, UMinho)
Caroline Alméras, Secretary General, European Conference of Transport Research Institutes, Belgium
Dr Ezra Clark, Head of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Section, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO (video recording)
Patrick Mercier-Handisyde, Senior Policy Officer, DG Research & Innovation, European Commission
List of panellists
Prof. Maria Boile, Professor and Director MSc in Shipping at University of Piraeus, Coordinator of the BE OPEN project, Greece
Prof. Dr.-Eng. Shinya Hanaoka, Professor, School of Environment and Society Department of Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan
Neil Pedersen, Executive Director, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, United States of America
Chris Pringle, Executive Publisher – Transportation Journals, Elsevier, United Kingdom
Dr António Bob Santos, Member of the Board of the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT), Portugal