The safety of the transport system is paramount and should never be compromised. Moving close to zero fatalities from all transport modes in the EU by 2050 is an important milestone set by the European Commission’s Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy 2020. Unfortunately, the EU’s actual transport fatalities figures have remained nearly constant from 2013 to the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis. Such figures are unacceptable, and for every person killed, there are around five more seriously injured.
In its Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy, the Commission therefore expresses its full commitment to implementing the EU road safety strategy of 2018, expanding the target of moving close to zero also to serious injuries (Vision Zero). The EU Road Safety Policy Framework 2021-2030 emphasizes the importance of this target not only as a numerical one, but as a new mind-set, including the Safe System Approach as the basis of future road safety policies. The latter implies that responsibility for road safety is shared by all relevant stakeholders, including individual road users, system designers and operators. For other modes of transport, the challenge is to raise the bar of safety levels notwithstanding the increase of traffic and complexity of operations stemming from the integration of new types of vehicles (supersonic, drones, flying cars etc.) and fuels, such as hydrogen or ammonia. Moreover, the increasing digitalisation of transport will lead to a more flexible and interconnected system, with higher levels of automation for vehicle and operations alike, which calls for smarter human-machine interfaces and interactions.
Increasing the level of safety in all transport modes also means managing risks. Identifying, assessing and adequately mitigating them requires massive amounts of data and thorough analysis, also a priority in Flagship 10 “Enhancing transport safety and security” of the EC’s Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy.
This session will therefore cover new approaches for safety analysis, including the added value of new ways to proactively identify and tackle risks. We will also exchange on the challenge of deepening the understanding of human behaviour in the context of integrated, multimodal transport safety and designing appropriate human-machine interface and interaction concepts. Particular attention will be paid to identifying the risk factors associated with human performance and behaviour while travelling and operating a vehicle. As a consequence, speakers will elaborate on the need for human-machine interface designs to compensate for deficits in human behaviour and to foster inclusiveness. The influence of connected and automated mobility in all transport modes on the role of the human in operating future vehicles will be included in this context.